Productivity of soybean in Indonesia is still relatively lacking. Per year, the total production of soybean Indonesia only reached about 600 thousand tons. Still far below the needs of up to 1.5 million tons / year. What causes it?
Head of Research and Development of the Ministry of Agriculture Haryono said, the lack of production of soybean is caused due to several factors. Therefore, soy is not going to be able to meet the self-sufficiency by 2014.
“Soy is the first difficulty for nothing. For the price, but thank God there is now Rp 7,000 COGS so farmers excited again although a bit slow,” Haryono said when met at the Central Bureau of Research and Development of Ministry of Agriculture, Jalan Ragunan, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta, Thursday (25 / 7/2013).
Haryono said, farmers had planted soybeans are less excited because the price is relatively lower than other commodities such as onion, garlic, corn, and other horticultural products.
In addition, continued Haryono, land issues were a major obstacle. Soybean plantations in Indonesia currently available only about 500 thousand hectares.
“Back then it was 1.2 million hectares, down by itself as competing with corn and others,” he explained.
Third, the lack of factors that affect the productivity of soybean in Indonesia is a seed. Seed and soybean crops vulnerable to pests and diseases.
“In general, soybean planting is more difficult than growing rice and corn. Due to many pests and diseases, rice can last 6 months, if soy just 3 months,” he said.